Auschwitz
Derrik B.

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  • Largest concentration camp
  • There were 3 main camps
    • Auschwitz I
      • Auschwitz I was the main camp
      • The camp was about 22 square miles long
      • The first prisoners at Auschwitz were transfered from Sachsenhausen
      • The best known of the physicians was Dr. Josef Mengele
  • 37 miles west of Krakow, is where they are located
  • One of the commanders was the SS lieutenant Colonel Arthur Liebenschel
    • Auschwitz II
      • Construction began in October of 1941
      • It had the largest total prisoners population
      • SS guards patrolled Auschwitz II
      • There were facilities for a killing center
    • Auschwitz III
      • It was established in October 1942
      • From May 1941 until October 1942, the SS transported prisoners from Auschwitz I to the " Buna Detachment"
      • Prisoners deployed at Buna, lived at Auschwitz III
    • Subcamps
      • Between 1942 and 1944 the SS established 39 subcamps a t Auschwitz
      • Some subcamps were located in Marauia
      • Auschwitz inmates were employed on huge farms
      • They also had to work in coal mines, stone quarries, and Fisheries
    • Well known inmates
      • Anne Frank
      • Elie Wiesel
      • Berrard offer
    • Time line
      • Spring 1940. First prisoners from Dachau arrive in Auschwitz and start building the concentration camp.


Auschwitz

Maxwell P.

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  • One of the largest concentration camp
    • 3 main camps
      • Auschwitz I
      • Auschwitz II
      • Auschwitz III
  • Background info on Auschwitz
    • Auschwitz concentration camps were a major part in the Holocaust
    • The number of people killed there is almost impossible to know all numbers are just estimates
    • 90% of death were Jews
      • Auschwitz I was the original camp
      • Served as the administrative center for the whole camp
      • Site of roughly 70,000 deaths, mostly poles, and soviet POW's

  • Auschwitz II (also known as Birkenau)
    • Was an extermination cap
    • An estimate of deaths are 1.1million Jews, 75,000 Polish people, and 19,000 Roma (Gypsies)
    • Auschwitz camps were founded on May 20,1940 lasted until 1945
    • Was under command of Rudolph Hoss
  • The Camp
    • 728 Polish prisoners were the first residents of Auschwitz I
    • At any time the camp held between 13,000-16,000 inmates
    • In 1942 that number reached 20,000
    • Most Jews were inprisoned in Auschwitz II
    • Due to harsh work requirments, combined with poor nutrition and hygiene, led to hight death rates among prisoners
    • Any prisoner who broke rules were sent for punishment or sent to standing cells
    • Standing cells were 1.5 meters square
    • There were 4 men to a cell n they could do nothing but stand due to the size of the cell
    • They also had starvation cells were they got no food or water until they were dead
    • Also had "Death Cells", which was a tiny room that had a tiny window, eventually the prisoner would run out of oxygen and die
    • They were also hung by there hands which were tied be hind there back, sometimes they hung there for hours even days!!
    • On September 1941 they began testing Gas Chambers
    • gas_chamer.jpeg
    • Once testing with chambers were a success they were used from 1941-1942
    • About 60,000 were killed in chambersAfter the War
    • After the war the camp served through most of 1945 as an or NKVD prison
    • Over several years the camp remained in a state of disrepair
    • Polish government restored Auschwitz I into a museum
    • Museum honors the victims of Nazism
    • The rest of the camp was not restored
    • The museum has several elements from the original Auschwitz I
      • An example is the restored gas chambers

  • Museum also has shoes from many men, women, and children on display

Auschwitz
Tyler Y.

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Back Round on Auschwitz
  • Biggest concentration camp
  • 3 main camps
  • one is an extention for a killing unit
  • nazi's kept personal belongings of dead jews
  • Auschwitz 1 and 2 were reunited
  • Auschwitz 3 was renamed Monowitz

Leaders of Auschwitz
  • lieutenant Coloel Rudolf Hoess
  • Lieutenant Coloel Arthur Liebehenschel
  • Major Richard Baer
  • Lieutenant Colonel Fiedrich Hartjenstein
  • Captin Josef Kremer
  • Captin Heinrich Schwarz

liberation of auschwitz