Children of the Holocaust


Janell B.


  • Children went to secret schools.
  • Studied music & crafts.
  • No textbooks, wrote notes.
  • Drew pictures, created diaries, & poems
  • Stayed in rooms that were smelly and were full of bugs.
  • Jews moved often to prevent friend making.
  • The rooms were unheated and always crowded.
  • Children slept on three-tiered bunks.
  • There were 2 toilets for 100 children.
  • In winter-washed in snow.
  • In summer-washed once a month.
  • 15,000 children prisoners, only about 1,100 survived.
  • 1.5 million murdered: 1.2 million were Jews, thousands were Gypsy, thousands were handicapped.
  • More than a million slaughtered.
  • 1.5 million were shot, burned alive, & murdered.
  • A quarter of 6 million that were killed, were children.
  • Some were killed immediately.
  • Infants sometimes were killed shortly after birth.
  • Everyone was hungry.
  • Worked and fought for food.
  • Best food was given to children.
  • Food tasted horrible.
  • Coffee in the morning.
  • Boys- trained for war
  • Girls-trained to be strong mothers.
  • Sometimes helped slaughter.
  • Grew-up to reject somethings.
  • Teased, called names, non-Jewish friends turned away, harassed, beaten, banned from activities.
  • Feelings: stunned, bewildered, angry, afraid.
  • Branded a code on child's arm to keep track of them.

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Kailyn Hoke

  • hid in convents, boarding schools, orphanages, closets, attics, cellars and sewers
  • traveled with strangers to unknown destinations for survival
  • had to stay quiet and still for weeks or months at a time
  • split into 3 groups: 1- infants and toddlers up to age 6 2- ages 7 to 12 3- 13 to 18 years old
  • 15,000 children prisoners, only about 1,100 survived
  • about 1.5 million children murdered
  • infants sent to gas chambers immediately
  • couldn't belong to clubs and organizations
  • couldn't go to public playgrounds or recreational facilities
  • faced starvation, illness, brutal labor, insecurity, isolation, shrinking horizons, vulnerability, fear and danger
  • exposed to malnutrition, disease, overcrowding, exposure and death
  • had medical experiments and suffered permanent physical damage
  • created diaries, poems and drawings while in ghettos and concentration camps
  • older children sent to work as slaves
  • only ate small amounts of food
  • smuggled food into ghettos
  • suffered emotionally from horrible conditions they witnessed and endured
  • were persecuted, arrested and deported no matter their age
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Liz Hornberger

*Living conditions*

-camp conditions were horrible
-children had nothing to eat
-drank contaminated water
-suffered separation from family
-stripped of their clothes upon arrival
-poor protection from the elements
-insufficient shelter

*Labor*

-hard labor was enforced on children that were old enough and physically fit
-labor varied from electrical to carrying large stone slabs for construction to burying the dead
-once the children were unable to work they were killed
-to ease emotional pain from separation they became friends with fellow inmates

*Punishments*

-some children were forced to kneel for hours with their faces towards the sun and a rock on their head or bricks in hands
-put in a bunker for days (room with out windows)
-humiliation: signs on the children
-Iined up and beat
-line up and every tenth person would be shot
-officers hung corpses from the ceiling to keep inmates fearful

*Children in hiding*

-escaped Nazis wrath by: hiding in concealed closets, holes and sometimes even sewers
-hid identities to keep hidden
-some children worked and moved from town to town
-most children had identification problems after the war
-Kindertransport was a program that took children to safety in Great Britain

*Hitler Youth*

-groups of German children to serve in the Nazis party and to fight in wars

*Schools*

-German teachers humiliated the Jewish children by pointing out their differences
-soon the children lost German friends and lost their right to go to school
-the Germans used the schools as a tool to make the Jewish racially inferior

*Programs*

-Gestapo and Inferior ministries- sterilized the handicapped, Afro-Germans,and Gypsies

*Liberation*

-few children survived


Sarah Poorman
Children Of the Holocaust
- both Jewish and non-Jewish were in Europe
- 1- those killed immeadiately on arrival in concentration and in killing centers 2- those killed shortly after birth(870 infants born in Ravensbruck concentration camp, largely to Jewish and Gypsy women) 3- those few born in ghettos and camps and surviving 4- children above the age of 10 utilized as prisoners, laborers, and subjects for Nazi medical experiments.
-one million Jewish boys and girls were murdered under Nazi rule in Germany and Europe
-only a fraction of European Jewish children survived the Holocaust.
- the statistics of children that died will never be known.
-1.2 million Jewish children, tens of thousands of Gypsy children, thousands of handicapped children were murdered.
- seperated into groups by age: 1-infants and toddlers up to age 6 2- young children ages 7 to 12 3- adolescents 13-18 years old.

Children in the Ghettos
- 800 ghettos were formed by the Nazi Germany in eastern Europe to isolate and control Jew Pop.
- many children and babies died in these ghettos due to lack of food, clothing, and shelter.
- also because of unsanitary and over croweded conditions that spread disease.
-children in the ghettos were considered useless for productive activity by the Nazis.
- nearly 200 children from Warsaw Ghetto were killed on the transport to Treblinka which is an extermination camp.
-Jewish children were the first victims when the Germans went to shoot them or send them to an extermination camp.
- Auschwitz and other extermination camps children were sent to their deaths in poison gas chambers.
- # of children mostly twins were used in Nazi pseudoscientific medical experiments and suffered permanent damage.
-many Jewish children learned how to survive
-many youth movements were involved in resistance activities and participated in escapes to join partisan fighters.
-smuggled food into the ghettos
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-The Two Hidings
- Physical Hiding
Location
  • children were most often not told about the hiding places in advance b.c it was a secret
Daily Life
  • woke up knowing to remain quiet, move slowly(rain or shine), and not allowed to leave the confinement of the hiding place.
  • go months or even years without seeing daylight
  • parents would make children do indoor exercises and stretches to keep thier muscles active
  • couldn't talk, laugh, walk, flush the toilet(dump chamber pots)
  • keep busy- read books(sometimes over and over again), draw, listen to adults talking, play with imaginary friends, etc.
Fear
  • bunkers(hiding places within ghettos) Nazi capture was very great.
  • babies could not be kept from crying-young mothers often had to make a decision
Food and Water
  • children would eat paper, chew on their clothing, etc. when the supplies went low
  • most likely to catch disease or lice that went around
Sickness and Death
  • suffered through many maladies that could have tempered if not controlled by contemporary medicine
Arrest and Deportation
  • children spread the word about their hiding places and it goes around to the Nazis.
  • all children and adults in hiding places were sent to deportation camps.
- Identity Hiding
-lived within a society but took on a different name and identity in an attempt to hide thier Jewish ancestory
-some who hid their identities had varities of expirence and lived amoung various sitiuations.
-Nazi looked for Jews to deport-children attempted to hide that fact that they were Jewish(a large responsibility)
Varied Experiences
  • stayed with their parents or mothers
  • lived amoung Gentiles with the host not knowing their true identity
  • left alone in covents or amoung families
  • wandered from village to village as a farmhand
Children That Could Hide Their Identities
  • children were choosen to hide with people by the way they act
  • people pick kids that they thought were a least risk to them
  • young children and young girls were most easily placed
  • youth was favored b.c the child's past was short which didnt greatly guide their identity
  • easily adapted to their new homes
  • many young boys that were forced to hide their identities were to dress up as girls
  • they lost their names and background also their gender